Whether you are tourists, expatriates or Prazaks, transport is at the heart of your daily life in the Czech capital. Prague is one of the European capitals, the best served. You can browse the city by metro, by bus and also by tram.
Public transport is the best way to get around Prague, whether it is between different tourist sites or residential areas. Using public transport in Prague is also to discover its history and enjoy the scenery in the tram for example.
Transit is managed by the Transit Company, the DDP, which indicates the timetables and changes as well as the routes to choose according to your request on its website.
As for fares, a ticket costs between 24 and 32 CZK and is multi-transport. If you stay in the Bohemian capital longer or want to use public transport greatly you can make a fixed-term pass or a rechargeable card.
You can buy tickets from the yellow distributors in the vestibules of all underground stations and some (but not all) tram and bus stops. You can also buy them from newsagents (called tabák) throughout the city. There are two rates: for a direct journey of fewer than 30 minutes without change, you need a ticket for 24 CZK. For a journey of 90 minutes with an unlimited number of changes, you need a ticket for 32 CZK.
A pass 24h costs 110 CZK and you can buy it at the counters of the metro stations. The Opencard, for a longer duration for which you have to fill out a form and provide a photo ID, is available on the website.
Since there are no turnstiles, there are inspectors often. If you travel without a ticket, know that the fine is 800 CZK payable locally. Discounted tickets for children, seniors, and students are available at the same points of sale.
If you have a big luggage or travel with a dog you have to buy an extra ticket which costs 16 CZK. Tickets are also valid for the funicular that runs between Újezd and Petřín Hill.
The metro is by far the fastest and most used means of transport in big cities, Prague is very well served.
The Prague metro is composed of three lines, coded by colors and letters. A fourth line, as well as other stations on already existing lines, are under construction. The green line (or A) is the shortest and runs from the north-west to the northeast and serves the stations of the Old Town (Staroměstská), Malá Strana (Malostranská) and Nové Město (Můstek and Muzeum), as well as the station of the end of the line Nemocnice Motol. The yellow line (or B) is the longest and the red (or C) is the most recent and runs roughly from north to south.
The metro runs approximately every five minutes from 05:00 to midnight, less frequently on Sundays and public holidays. About 50 % of the stations are accessible to the disabled, especially on the red line.
The dense network of tramways is the main characteristic of Prague as these traditional electric and red-colored vehicles crisscross the city.
The schedules of trams and buses are a little difficult to decipher, but they indicate the stops of each line and the travel time. Most of the most important tram stops now have electronic screens that indicate which is the next tram.
Trams run day and night, with a more limited but still regular night service. This nocturnal service runs through the most popular places from midnight to 05:00 am and allows you to make a party in Prague.
Buses are mostly used to reach the neighboring suburbs, not served by the tram or metro, and there are many buses whose lines intersect to make changes.
Many electric buses also emerged this year, confirming the position of Prague in terms of ecology.
Being by far the most spectacular and entertaining way to get around, many ferries run between determined points on the Vltava. This provides views of the Dancing House and Prague Castle, among others. For example, there is a ferry from Dětský Ostrov (Children’s Island) to the National Theater, stopping at the Slave Island and on the Shooting Island.
You can get more information on the portal of the city.
Prague taxis do not have a very good reputation. It is, therefore, best to contact an official company, such as AAA Radiotaxi (Aaataxi.cz) or City Taxi (Citytaxi.cz). These two companies offer standard, well-specified rates (about 26 CZK per kilometer). One can be ordered by SMS. The agents, as well as the drivers, speak English.
If you want to escape from Prague for a few days to visit the Czech Republic or explore a large European cities like Berlin or Budapest there are 2 ways. The fast and inexpensive way is the bus, takes on average between 1h and 4h everything depends on your destination. Moreover, if you travel with the company Regiojet, you will be able to benefit from the wifi as well as a hot drink and an integrated screen with film and music. But other companies also offer many trips, like Flixbus or Goeuro. The train is also a good way to get around, a little faster but also more expensive, also managed by Regiojet.