What Makes Saints Cyril & Methodius Day Special In Czechia?

#LifeInCzechia Saints Cyril and Methodius Day, celebrated on July 5th, is a significant holiday in the Czech Republic. It honors two important figures in Czech and Slavic history—Saints Cyril and Methodius. Let’s explore who they were and why this day is so special.

Who Were Saints Cyril and Methodius?

Saints Cyril and Methodius were brothers from Thessaloniki (in present-day Greece) who lived in the 9th century. They were Christian missionaries known for their work among the Slavic people. Here are some key points about their contributions:

  • Creating the Glagolitic Alphabet: One of their most important achievements was creating the Glagolitic alphabet, which was the first alphabet used to write the Old Church Slavonic language. This allowed the Slavic people to read religious texts in their own language.
  • Spreading Christianity: They played a crucial role in spreading Christianity among the Slavs. They translated the Bible and other religious texts into Old Church Slavonic, making Christianity more accessible to the people.
  • Cultural Impact: Their work laid the foundation for the development of Slavic culture and literature. They are considered the “Apostles to the Slavs” and are highly respected in many Slavic countries.


How is Saints Cyril & Methodius Day Celebrated?

Saints Cyril & Methodius Day is a public holiday in the Czech Republic, which means most people have the day off work and school. Here are some common ways people celebrate:

  • Church Services: Many people attend special church services to honor the saints. These services often include readings from the Bible, hymns, and prayers.
  • Cultural Events: Various cultural events, such as concerts, lectures, and exhibitions, are held to celebrate the contributions of Cyril and Methodius to Slavic culture and language.
  • Family Gatherings: Like many holidays, it’s a time for family and friends to come together. People often spend the day enjoying meals and sharing stories.
  • Educational Activities: Schools and cultural organizations may host events to educate people about the history and significance of Cyril and Methodius’ work.


Why is This Day Important?

Saints Cyril & Methodius Day is important because it celebrates the cultural and religious heritage of the Czech Republic and other Slavic nations. The work of Cyril and Methodius helped shape the identity and history of these countries. By translating religious texts into a language that people could understand, they made religion and education more accessible, fostering a sense of unity and cultural pride among the Slavs.

Interesting Facts

  • Legacy: The Glagolitic alphabet eventually evolved into the Cyrillic alphabet, which is still used in many Slavic countries today.
  • Recognition: In 1980, Pope John Paul II declared Saints Cyril and Methodius co-patrons of Europe, recognizing their significant contributions to European culture and history.



Saints Cyril & Methodius Day is not just a historical commemoration; it’s a celebration of language, culture, and faith. It reminds the Czech people of their rich heritage and the lasting impact of two brothers who changed the course of Slavic history.

Whether you’re attending a church service, participating in cultural events, or simply spending time with loved ones, Saints Cyril & Methodius Day is a wonderful opportunity to reflect on the past and celebrate the enduring legacy of these remarkable saints.

Siyana Koleva

Hello, my name is Siyana and I am originally from Bulgaria. I study in The Netherlnds, but I also have lived in the UK and Spain, and the new destination is Brno for my internship. Sometimes I call myself a "modern nomad" since I am constantly moving, but that also gives me the experience that I can share with you.

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