Renting an apartment is a complex process, which only ends with the end of the lease agreement and tenant moving out of the rented apartment. It’s important to know your rights and understand all the aspects of the lease agreement. Procedure of the end of the lease agreement is also incorporated in the lease agreement. Let’s have a look, how the lease agreement can be ended.
When lease is terminated with 3 months’ notice?
It is important to know, that termination of the lease agreement must be in written form. The landlord can terminate your lease for a definite or indefinite period in three months’ time if:
- tenant violates their lease obligations (for example arranges subletting without the landlord’s consent)
- tenant is convicted for intentional criminal act committed against a landlord, a member of his household or a person who lives in the building or against foreign property, which is located in the house
- public interest (reconstruction of the apartment or the building) requires to vacate the apartment
- there is a similar compelling reason for termination of tenancy
Lease agreement for indefinite period of time can be terminated with three months’ notice in case that:
- the apartment shall be used by the landlord or his/her spouse, who intends to leave the family in case of divorce
- the landlord needs the apartment for his/her relative or relative of his/her spouse (parents, children, grandchildren, sibling, aunt, uncle)
When lease gets terminated immediately?
When a tenant violates his obligations in a particularly serious way, lease can be dismissed without a three-month notice period. The landlord, however, must inform the tenant in advance in written form to remove the illegal behaviour, otherwise the notice is invalid. What is considered a particularly serious breach of tenant’s obligations?
- not paying rent and other living costs for at least 3 months
- damaging the apartment and common areas
- inflicting serious harm or inconvenience to the landlord or the people who live in the same building
- using the apartment for any other purpose than agreed
When a tenant can terminate the lease?
If you have a lease agreement of indefinite duration, you can give landlord a notice at any time without providing a reason, however in any case you should give landlord a three months’ notice. Also take into consideration, that a 3 months notice period starts from the 1st day of the following month after the month, when the landlord received your notice. This means if you inform your landlord about your decision to terminate the contract on the 15th of May, your notice period will start on the 1st of June. You will have to stay at the apartment for another 3 months starting with the 1st of June, till the 1st of September. When you have a fixed-term contract, you can denounce it under the terms agreed in the contract. Or assuming that your life situation changes dramatically, for example you get a new job abroad.
Checking the meters
This is a crucial step prior to your vacating the apartment. Remember, on the day when you moved in, you signed a handover protocol where all the meter readings were stated (such as meter readings for water, electricity, heating or gas). So when you’re handing the apartment back to the landlord, the same procedure must be executed. This gives you a security, that you won’t have to cover any unexpected debts after you vacated the apartment. Make sure the meter readings are written down in the protocol correctly. If you have a phone with a camera, take pictures of the meters, just to be 100% sure.
Getting back the security deposit
The landlord can require a security deposit up to 6 months rent, it serves as an insurance in case the tenant is not paying monthly rent or has damaged any equipment in the apartment. Deposit money can be used by the landlord accordingly, the money is not stored in a special account. When the lease is terminated, the landlord must return the whole deposit (or the rest of the deposit after deducting the unpaid debts).
VIP Service by Foreigners.cz is the answer
Foreigners.cz has designed a special VIP Service package to cover your back under any circumstances. This 1-year package includes complex support and assistant with your apartment rental during your stay in CZ. Which also means we will help you to prepare and submit lease termination notice according to Czech law. Among other benefits, there is assistance with any issues regarding your new home (no hot water, broken boiler etc.), communication with the landlord on your behalf, registration of gas / electricity contracts on your name, arranging office appointments and many more. You can check the whole list of VIP services here and apply for the VIP package immediately!